What was the social structure of the South before the Civil War?

What was the social structure of the South before the Civil War?

Social structures Prior to and during the civil war, slavery was the most visible evidence of socioeconomic inequality in the South. Aside from slavery, the socioeconomic strata of the North and South were very similar. Both countries' class structures evolved along fairly similar lines, with a big lower class, a smaller middle class, and a considerably smaller upper class.

In the South, the main distinction between people was their status as slave or free man. A small number of rich landowners dominated the economy of the Upper South while large numbers of slaves worked the land of the Lower South. There was also a division based on education. In the Upper South, many men who owned lots of land didn't know how to read or write. They had servants do it for them. In the Lower South, most farmers grew crops such as cotton, rice, and sugar cane that needed to be harvested by hand. The farmers who did this work received only a small portion of the crop as payment. The rest went to the owner of the land or his son. These farmers were known as "sharecroppers."

In the North, the main distinction was between those who were educated and those who weren't. Only people who were educated were allowed to vote in government elections. The wealthy used their influence in politics to protect their interests. Lawyers, doctors, teachers, and other professionals formed an elite group that determined public policy. They decided what trade schools should be built, where hospitals should be located, and they even chose the site for Washington, D.

What were the main social classes of the antebellum South?

While land- and slave-owners and slaves were the two major groups in the South, there were different strata of social class within and between them. Land-owners were mostly men; they included farmers, plantation owners, and smaller landowners. Slave-owners were also men but mainly small businessmen who owned only a few slaves. They included doctors, lawyers, ministers, teachers, printers, carpenters, and other skilled workers.

Below these major categories were less well-to-do farmers and laborers, and at the bottom were slaves. Although slavery was an economic system, it did not produce equal divisions of wealth. The ruling class had more than their share of the profits from cotton production because they got to sell the product at a high price. They also took advantage of cheaper labor markets after 1802 when Missouri became a state free of slavery. This is why you do not see very many large land-owners or slave-owners before that time.

The majority of Southerners were poor white farmers and laborers who lived off the land through agriculture or servitude. A small number were rich merchants and traders who owned plantations or slaves. In fact, more than half of all households lacked sufficient income to buy any kind of food beyond what they grew themselves. One out of every five people died before reaching age 40.

What was the South like in the early 1800s?

Small farms and large plantations coexisted in the South. Cotton, tobacco, corn, sugar, and rice were all grown. The majority of slaves were housed on large plantations. Slavery was desired by many Southerners. It provided a labor force that could not be hired out at home or abroad.

The South had its own government during this time: each state had its own government with limited powers given to them by the federal government. These governments were usually made up of a Senate and House of Representatives. In some states there was also a governor. All together, this is how democracy works. The people vote for their representatives in Congress, then these people vote for the president.

In the South, white men made most decisions about slavery, politics, and culture. African Americans were not allowed to vote or hold public office. They were denied many other rights as well. There were occasional rebellions led by slaves who were able to escape from their owners' homes but they were always defeated by armed forces.

During the War of 1812, American soldiers fought British troops in cases near present-day Washington, D.C. After the war, President James Madison signed the Treaty of Peace with Britain, which ended the conflict. This treaty included a plan to abolish the slave trade within five years after it was signed.

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Romeo Crouchet

Romeo Crouchet is a dedicated teacher with an eye for detail. He has taught at the college level in both the United States and Canada, and he uses his experience to tailor individualized courses that help students meet their goals. Romeo also enjoys teaching online courses because it enables him to reach more people than ever before.

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