Germans emigrated for a variety of causes, including political oppression, economic hardship (due to crop failures), and religious persecution. German immigrants worked as skilled laborers, such as jewelers, musical instrument makers, cabinetmakers, and tailors. They also worked in agriculture, including as farm owners and managers, and they served in trades requiring skills not available on the farm scene (such as engineering).
In addition to these categories, Germans who came before 1820, before most countries had regulations regarding citizenship, are classified as American because that is where their passports stated their nationality as. After this date, anyone born in Germany gains German citizenship by birth. The children of foreign citizens living in Germany also gain German citizenship unless they declare themselves to be abroad for more than five years without returning to Germany. In that case, they cannot re-gain German citizenship.
German Americans lived throughout the United States, but mainly in the Northeast and Upper Midwest. At the time of the first census taken in 1790, there were about 4 million people in what would become the United States. Of these, approximately 700,000 were German speakers, mostly from Germany itself with some from Switzerland, Austria, and Italy. By 1850, the number of Americans had increased almost half again to 7.5 million. Of these, 1 million were German speakers, mostly from Germany itself but also including many from Switzerland, Austria, and Italy.
They also had jobs in grocery stores, bakeries, and restaurants. Breweries were also established in the region by the Germans. In fact, Coney Island was once known as "Beer's Island" because of this industry.
Immigrants from other countries also worked in these industries. For example, between 1820 and 1950, more than 5 million people from Europe arrived in America. Most workers came from England, Ireland, and Germany. They found employment in factories, mines, and on farms. In fact, before the American Revolution, most colonists were farmers who grew food for themselves and raised livestock to sell or trade.
In conclusion, German immigrants in the 1900s worked in a variety of fields including agriculture, commerce, entertainment, education, engineering, health care, hospitality, housekeeping, management, police work, science, technology, and transportation. There were also many more women than men at that time. So, women worked in offices, laboratories, and teaching positions.
European Emigration to the United States, 1861-1870 Prussia's and the autonomous German nations' expanding populations outstripped available territory. Industrialization was unable to create well-paying jobs, and political rights were restricted. Many Germans emigrated. France received nearly a million immigrants from 1815 to 1865.
Germany had no official policy of immigration before the mid-19th century, but private organizations such as the American Colonization Society (ACS) sponsored the migration of free blacks from Africa to the United States. Beginning in 1816, the ACS sent twenty-five thousand Africans to Kansas as part of a plan to settle them in a country where they could live free of slavery. In addition, many Germans traveled to South America because it was cheaper than Europe. In fact, the number of Germans living in Brazil alone exceeded that of Americans living in Germany at the time.
Europe again! The crisis of the Austrian government caused by nationalist rebellions led to more immigration from Austria, Hungary, and Italy. By 1870, one out of five people in New York City was foreign-born. Nearly a quarter of all Americans lived abroad! Most came from Britain, Canada, and Germany.
Germans played an important role in the development of California.