Three years into his expedition, Alexander came through Egypt, where the people submitted to him as a liberator from Persian control. He then traveled over the desert to a secluded oasis named Siwa, which housed the renowned oracle of the deity Zeus-Ammon. From there, he continued west toward the Mediterranean Sea.
Siwa is a town in Egypt's Western Desert near the border with Libya. It was here that Alexander the Great sought guidance from the oracle at the site now known as "The Oracle House." The oracle's original image can still be seen today within a small chapel built over it. It is believed that Alexander the Great visited this site in order to receive guidance for his ambitious plans but that he left without receiving an answer due to the death of the oracle. However, some historians believe that the oracle probably told him to go westward toward the Mediterranean Sea since that is what he had been doing up until that point.
After leaving the oracle at Siwa, Alexander proceeded to walk across North Africa before reaching the Atlantic Ocean. He finally arrived at the city of Tyre on the coast of Asia Minor (present-day Lebanon). Here, he defeated the king of Phoenicia and acquired a large amount of money. After spending several months at Tyre, Alexander moved on to reach the end of his empire at the Indus River in Pakistan.
Alexander continued his Persian campaign, certain that he was on the right road. A issue arose. Alexander discovered that he had attracted the Persian king's notice. King Darius III was at Babylon, on his way to Alexander from his capital in Susa, recruiting warriors along the way. So the young Macedonian went to meet this new threat with a small army.
The two leaders negotiated a deal by which they would fight each other in single combat to decide who was the greater warrior. This battle took place in 334 B.C. at a place called Gaugamela. It was a summer day, and thousands of spectators gathered to watch the contest. As soon as they saw Darius approaching from across the battlefield led by his own elephant corps, everyone knew that he was the stronger leader and that Alexander was no match for him. Yet the young prince still wanted more glory and so he ordered his troops into action against the Persians. He himself rode out to face the enemy but was quickly wounded when an arrow struck him in the chest. After this defeat, Alexander killed himself...
In conclusion, Alexander the Great went to Persia to win more battles. And he did!
The inhabitants of Ancient Egypt welcomed a 24-year-old military invader into their most hallowed sanctuary, the Oracle of Siwa Oasis, in November 332 BC. They honored him with the enormous double-crown reserved exclusively for Pharaohs and declared him the son of Amun, their main god. He was then given the name Alexander (the Greek version of his name is Alexandros). Ever since, Greeks have loved to call themselves Alexantes (those who know how to act like Alexander the Great) and Egyptians admire him too.
For being so young, he managed to conquer an immense territory that included Greece, Macedonia, Asia Minor, and part of Africa. He died at age 33 while fighting a battle on the Indus River in India. But his empire survived him and his generals continued to fight wars over the division of his empire. Who would win: a general or a god? It's hard to say...
Alexander the Great has always been a favorite subject for artists. He has been described as "the most photographed man in history." Hundreds of paintings, drawings, and engravings have been made about him by artists from all over the world.