The majority of Mexican immigrants have landed in the southwest United States, particularly in the states of Texas, California, and Arizona. About 40 percent of all immigrants living in the United States are Mexican citizens. They are generally welcomed by American society and given strong economic opportunities because they tend to be fluent in English and have many skills that are valuable in today's economy. Many come because there are no jobs in their home country; others find it easier to make a living here than back home.
Before 1965, when most Mexicans entered the United States illegally, nearly all were men who crossed the border between Mexico and America. Now that most enter America through official ports of entry, the gender balance is much more even. In fact, about 50 percent of Mexican immigrants are women.
After arriving in the United States, many Mexicans choose to go to the largest cities, such as Los Angeles, San Antonio, and Dallas. But they also go to smaller towns and rural areas where there are often opportunities for work in the agricultural industry or as housekeepers.
The presence of so many women means that there are now more married than single Mexican immigrants in the United States. This is different from other foreign-born populations which are usually dominated by single men.
Figure 4 illustrates that Texas and California are the most popular destinations for recent Mexican immigration. These two states accounted for approximately half of all Mexican immigration to the United States in 2013. (48.3 percent). The second and third most common destinations were Arizona and New York respectively. Together, these four states accounted for nearly a third of all Mexican immigration (31.4 percent). The remaining states ranked between five and ten.
Immigration to the United States from Mexico is a complex subject. Demographic changes within Mexico itself play a role in determining where individuals will go when they migrate north. For example, the young, educated population of Mexico seeks better job opportunities in North America, while those without options remain in poverty-stricken rural areas. There is also evidence that Mexican migration to the United States is increasing, but at a slower rate than previous years.
In conclusion, Texas and California are the most popular destinations for recent Mexican immigration.
The Mexican Cession included the modern-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, the majority of Arizona, the western half of New Mexico, the western quarter of Colorado, and the southwest corner of Wyoming.
Texas remained part of the United States after the war. However, because Texas had not yet been admitted as a state, it is not considered part of the Mexican Cession.
The Mexican government was bankrupt due to years of warfare with American settlers. In order to secure a loan from Britain, Mexico agreed to give up its claims on Western lands. The treaty was called the Adams-Onis Treaty after its negotiators: John Quincy Adams, the American minister to France, and Onis Martinez y González, the Spanish minister. It was signed in 1819.
Slavery existed in all the states of the Mexican Cession. However, it was not the only reason why some states wanted to join the United States and not Mexico. For example, Nevada officials did not want to be governed by Texans who wanted to continue allowing slavery.
Anglo settlers from the newly formed United States traveled in great numbers, often illegally, to the Mexican territory of Texas in the early nineteenth century, seeking land and commercial possibilities. Some settled there, but most moved on to other states where the government was more welcoming.
The Texas Revolution of 1836 brought out a large number of American settlers who were willing to fight for their rights. The Mexican government agreed to grant citizenship to anyone who paid $10,000 into a fund that would be used to establish schools and hospitals. This incentive worked: between 1837 and 1844, one million people from Europe invaded Texas.
After the Mexican-American War in 1848, Texas became a part of the United States. Many Americans felt that the new state had been taken away from Mexico unjustly, so they began moving in. By 1860, almost half of all Texans lived outside the state's borders, including nearly 7,500 people from England.
These English immigrants built homes, started businesses, and participated in politics as fully as any Mexican or American. In fact, many served in leadership positions within their local communities. The only thing they didn't do was learn Spanish: about 80% spoke English when they arrived in Texas.
Today, fewer than 10,000 Mexicans live in Texas.
The United States is home to 98 percent of all Mexican immigrants, with over 10.9 million (legal and undocumented) migrants. The amount of indigenous Mexican immigrants in the United States is estimated to be between 50% and 90% of the entire emigrant population.
When first arriving in North America, most migrated for economic reasons, but this motive decreases as immigrants become more established here. Many Mexicans move because they can't find work in their homeland or because they're persecuted for their political views. Some criminal groups use immigration law violations to recruit new members or to hide their own activities.
Since 2001, an average of nearly 900,000 Mexicans have left their country every year. This represents about 2% of Mexico's population. The majority of these migrants arrive in the United States through its border with Mexico. However, a large number also enter the United States through its border with Canada. In fact, approximately 500,000 Canadians have some type of relationship with a migrant worker in the United States. That's almost half of all Canadian immigrants.
Immigration becomes a major concern for both countries. Americans worry that without control of its border, Mexico will not be able to contain the flow of immigrants into its country, while Mexicans fear that without control of its economy, Mexico cannot protect its citizens' rights.