Frogmore House also has a collection of Queen Victoria's childhood books as well as items from the libraries of Queen Charlotte, Queen Mary, and Victoria, Duchess of Kent. The Royal Archives are principally housed in Windsor Castle's Round Tower. Built in the 12th century to guard against invasion, the tower is where the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles list the deaths of all English monarchs since 1066. Today it contains an archive of letters and papers that date back hundreds of years.
The Royal Collection is made up of artworks, manuscripts, photographs, and other objects owned by the British monarchy. It includes items that have been in the possession of every monarch since William the Conqueror until today. The collection is so called because it was originally gathered by King Charles II after he was restored to the throne following the English Revolution of 1649.
Items in the collection include paintings by Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and other famous artists; sculptures by Michelangelo, Henry VIII, and others; tapestries; furniture; medals; and even a slice of bread used by Charles I at his trial and executed two years later. Some items in the collection are extremely rare or unique; for example, there are only eight known drawings by Leonardo da Vinci outside of Italy.
Apart from the King's Library at Buckingham House (now Buckingham Palace), to which he granted scholars access, George III also retained private libraries at Windsor Castle and Kew Palace, where he preserved a collection of personal interest. These were supplemented by other collections purchased for the royal palaces: for example, Sir William Hamilton's library was given to Edinburgh Castle when it was demolished; the books were then transported to London and assembled into the first public library in Britain.
Today, the Royal Collection includes more than 7 million items in approximately 10,000 different volumes. It is one of the largest cultural institutions in the UK, with responsibility for preserving and providing access to Queen Elizabeth II's priceless collection of art, manuscripts, photographs, and artifacts. The collection has its origins in what was originally the possession of the British monarchy. Today it is located at four sites: Buckingham Palace, London; Sandringham House, Norfolk; Gloster Castle, West Sussex; and Birkhall Lodge, Scotland.
The palace library was founded in 1761 by George III as one of the most comprehensive in Europe. He appointed his friend Charles Towneley to organize the collection and design the rooms where it is housed. This remarkable architect had previously worked with Robert Adam on several projects including Cambridge University Library and the new quadrangle at Oxford University Museum.
The Queen's Residences Works of art from nine royal palaces and homes are included in this show. Buckingham Palace has been the monarch's official London home since 1837. Today, the Queen uses the State Rooms to host and entertain guests, which are equipped with masterpieces from the Royal Collection.
She also makes use of another 45 rooms in the palace, including her private apartments, the King's Bedroom and the Music Room. The other royal residences include:
Windsor Castle, which is the largest inhabited castle in Europe (complete with its own town and church)
Balmoral Castle, near Braemar in Scotland
Dullingham House, near Leeds
Pinehurst Plantation, near Charleston, South Carolina
Telerik Palace, on the Danish island of Slotsholmen
Karawejel Palace, in Prague
Citadelle Square, in Versailles
Trianon Palace, in Versailles
Luxembourg Gardens, in Brussels
Clarence House, in London
Buckingham Palace, in London