America's First Ice Cream Parlor, New York City In 1776, the first ice cream shop in America opened in New York City. The phrase "ice cream" was coined by American colonists. The name was inspired by the term "iced cream," which sounded similar to "iced tea." The word was eventually reduced to "ice cream," as it is presently known. About the ice cream: It is a cold dessert made with milk or cream, sugar, and egg yolks or whole eggs, with various additions such as fruit, chocolate, cookies, etc.
The first ice cream maker in the country was Thomas Jefferson. He invented it while working at his plantation near Monticello. The recipe called for boiling corn starch into a paste, adding vinegar, and then freezing it in an open container until hard before serving. Today, most people think of ice cream as a combination of milk or cream, sugar, and egg yolks or whole eggs with flavorings added to it. Some popular flavors are vanilla, strawberry, banana, mint, coffee, caramel, hibiscus (a Mexican flavor), and lassi (a Indian flavor).
The original ice cream cart was a wagon with handles on top that was used to carry ice cream around town. People would pay a small fee for them to eat their ice cream on premises or take it home. In 1856, Charles Feltman created the first hand-cranked ice cream maker.
Baltimore, Maryland (USA) 1851- Jacob Fussell (1819–1922), a milk merchant looking for a strategy to retain a continuous demand for his cream, launched the first wholesale ice cream company in the United States on June 15, 1851 in Baltimore, Maryland. He was the first individual in the United States to mass-produce and sell ice cream. Before then, it was only available from blocks made from frozen water. In addition to ice cream, Fussell also sold "Frozen Custard".
Ice cream has been popular in Baltimore since its inception. The city is known as the home of B&O Railroad which introduced many Americans to railroad travel. Many tourists come to Baltimore to see Fussell's Museum of Country Life which is located in the old Fussell family bakery building that is now a museum featuring paintings by George P. Ahern, an American painter.
The ice cream industry became more widespread after Charles Nelson Riley invented the hand-cranked ice cream maker in 1872. This allowed people to make their own ice cream instead of buying it pre-made from a shop or restaurant. Ice cream makers are still used today in some countries where electric freezers are not affordable or convenient.
In America, ice cream making began in Baltimore but soon spread to other cities too. By 1890, Chicago had become the largest ice cream producer in the country. Other large producers include Philadelphia, New York City, and San Francisco.
While it is patently erroneous that Thomas Jefferson brought ice cream to the United States, he is attributed with the earliest documented recipe written by an American. When he served it in the President's House in Washington, Jefferson most likely helped to popularize ice cream in the United States.
The first mass-produced packaged food item sold under the name "ice cream" was probably invented in France around 1780. It consisted of a frozen mixture of milk and eggs cooked until thick enough to coat a spoon. It may have been flavored with spices or fruit purees and sometimes contained minced meat or vegetables.
In America, Benjamin Franklin is credited with introducing ice cream during his presidency (1776-1801). He is said to have done so as a diplomatic gesture while visiting European countries. However, evidence shows that he returned home with several containers of Italian gelato made with milk instead of water as an alternative to French vanilla ice cream.
It is possible that Thomas Jefferson also enjoyed some form of ice cream while in Europe, but this has not been proven.
The first verified recipe for ice cream in America was published in 1872 by Mrs. Ralston's cookbook. The recipe called for boiling milk until it curdled then adding sugar and vanilla. When cooled, it was mixed with egg yolks and baked like a cake.