The Capricorn Tropic runs through the continents of South America, Africa, and Australia. It is located at 23o16'00"S, 33o30'00"E.
The Capricorn Tropic is a line which divides the seasons in Southern Hemisphere spring from those in summer in the Northern Hemisphere. It passes directly over the most southern point in each continent: South America's Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and Australia's Tasmania. The only country that lies partly in both hemispheres is New Zealand; it is on the equator, so its seasons are neither spring nor summer but autumn and winter.
These places are also important for taking water out of the atmosphere. Clouds form over these areas in large amounts because they are close to the tropics and so have access to moisture from all directions. When it is time for these clouds to rain, they do so with great intensity because there is much available water vapor in the air around them.
Tierra Del Fuego is the name given to the area of land occupied by Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. It is made up of islands and rocks, including some large ones such as Tierra del Fuego itself (the "Land of Fire").
Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Mozambique, and Madagascar are among the countries represented. Countries across which the Tropic of Capricorn passes The Capricorn tropic runs across 10 nations on the continents of South America, Africa, and Australia. The South American, African, and Asian continents are all crossed by the equator. The equator divides the globe into northern and southern hemispheres.
The Capricorn tropic is a curve in Earth's surface that extends around the world from the Southern Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of the points on the earth's surface directly south of the equator at 90 degrees west longitude, which include most of Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela, the Guyanas, the West Indies, Central America, Mexico, and part of northern Florida.
The term "tropic" here refers not to climate but to the geographic position of being south of the equator. The Capricorn tropic lies within the Southern Hemisphere.
The word "capricorn" comes from the Latin for goat (capsula) plus rock (cornu), referring to the constellation where it is located. The Goat is one of the nine constellations that make up the zodiac. It appears between January 20 and February 10 in the night sky, when it is visible from north temperate latitudes.
The Tropic of Capricorn goes across Australia, Chile, southern Brazil (the only nation that travels through both the equator and a tropic), and northern South Africa. This is one of the two tropical zones on Earth, the other being the Arctic Circle.
These are the coordinates for the center of the circle: 15° S 78° W. The Antarctic Peninsula is part of Southern Brazil, so this must be the latitude where it meets the ocean.
The circle encompasses an area of about 2 million square kilometers (800,000 square miles), which is about half the size of India. Within this zone there is constant daylight throughout the year and no true seasons. The average temperature varies between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius (77-86 degrees Farenheit). It is considered a desert with very little vegetation.
The poles are in absolute darkness all year round, but they cannot be seen from the surface of the earth. Only from high up can you see how flat they are with nothing growing on them.
The line along which the sun is directly over your head at noon during summer is called the zenith. At the north and south poles this line passes right through the centers of the planets.
The Tropic of Capricorn covers 10 nations as well as the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Coral Seas. The Andes Mountains in Argentina, the Great Dividing Range in Australia, the Kalahari Desert in Botswana, and the Namib Desert in Namibia are some of the features found on or near the Tropic of Cancer. The Amazon River flows along most of the border between Brazil and Peru; the Marañón River runs along part of that border.
The Tropic of Capricorn passes through southern Africa from east to west across four countries: South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho, and Western Sahara. In South Africa, it passes just north of Johannesburg before crossing into neighboring Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland). It then continues into Lesotho where it crosses the border between Lesotho and Western Sahara. Finally, it ends at the northern coast of Morocco where it meets with the Tropic of Cancer.
In South Africa, the Tropic of Capricorn passes very close to several large cities including Johannesburg, Pretoria, and Cape Town. It also passes through some small towns such as Middelburg, Bloemfontein, and George.
From east to west, the following countries and territories lie along the Tropic of Capricorn: South Africa, Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland), Lesotho, and Western Sahara.
The Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn meet in southern Brazil. The Tropic of Cancer goes across North Africa, Europe, Asia, and parts of America.
These are the only places on Earth where these two tropical circles intersect. Although they overlap in this single location, the effects of the two circles are quite different there from what they are elsewhere. For example, while the sun is high in the sky in the southern hemisphere during the summer months, it is low on the horizon in the northern hemisphere during the same time of year.
People have been traveling across both the equator and a tropical circle for many years via South America. In fact, the first documented crossing of South America was done by Pedro Alvares Cabral who discovered Brazil in 1442. He was following the direction of the sunset when he turned south after leaving India more than 500 years earlier.
In 1769, Simon Bolivar brought attention to the need for countries to unite against foreign invaders when he led an army across Venezuela toward Mexico. He intended to use Mexican territory as a route into America's main ally at the time, France.