A neutralization reaction occurs when an acid reacts with a base. This process produces salt and water as byproducts. A salt is formed when an acid reacts with a base while water is produced as a byproduct.
Salt forms when an acid reacts with a base. Water is also produced as a byproduct. The two components of salt are called cations (K+, Na+, Ca++, and Mg++) and anions (Cl-, HCO3-, SO4=, and HPO4=). When the cation is sodium and the anion is chloride, then one mole of salt contains one mole of sodium and one mole of chlorine. If you add more sodium chloride to this mixture, it will not become any less dilute because sodium and chlorine still exist in unequal amounts. Any salt that results from the chemical combination of acids and bases is called a halide salt because they contain either fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine atoms. The most common halide salts are sodium chloride and potassium chloride.
Water can be found in three different forms: liquid, solid, and gas. When ice melts in hot weather, liquid water is present. Solid water is present when ice cubes melt in a glass of cold water.
A neutralization reaction occurs when an acid and a base combine to make water and a salt through the interaction of H+ ions and OH-ions. The pH of neutralization of a strong acid and a strong base is 7.0.
Salt forms when acids and bases react together. The product is usually a monatomic cation, which may be any of the alkaline metals or ammonium, or a polyatomic anion, such as sulfate, phosphate, or carbonate.
Acids react with bases to produce salts and water. Water is the only product when the molar ratios of the acids to the bases are 1:1. Higher ratios of acids to bases will result in more protons being consumed than hydroxide ions being produced. Lower ratios of acids to bases will lead to more hydroxide ions being produced than protons being consumed. When this happens, it is said that the acids and bases are in equilibrium with each other. Neutralization reactions can shift the equilibrium back toward acids or bases depending on how much hydrogen ion concentration there is compared to hydroxide ion concentration in the solution.
In chemistry classes, acids are substances that release hydrogen ions into a solution, while bases are substances that accept them. Acids are therefore negatively charged and bases are positively charged.
Metal Oxide: Acid A reaction between an acid and a metal oxide that produces solely salt and water as byproducts. This is a specific type of acid-base reaction. Metal oxides are bases as well. Alkaline metals such as sodium or potassium react with acidic compounds to form their own acids. These reactions are called oxidation processes. For example, if sugar is mixed with concentrated sodium hydroxide (a base) and left alone, the sugar will be converted into sodium carbonate and water.
Acid-Base Reaction: A reversible chemical reaction in which one molecule acquires a charge while another becomes ionized. In this reaction type, both the acid and the base are molecules or ions. They simply combine to form a salt with loss of water vapor as a product.
Electrolysis: The separation of a substance into its constituents by means of a current of electricity. In electrolysis, the opposite process takes place: breaking down a compound into its elements by passing a current through it. The term "electrolyte" describes a substance that will conduct electricity.
Fluorine Chemistry: The study of chemistry involving fluorine atoms. Research on fluorine chemistry began in the late 1800's when Sir William Crookes discovered that elemental fluorine burns with a green color. Since then, scientists have made many important discoveries about fluoride chemicals.