Tantamani, Taharqa, Senkamanisken, Tantamani, Aspelta, Anlamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tantamani, Tant Now on display at the Kerma Museum This is a partial list of rulers of the Kingdom of Kush who held the titles of Qore (king) or Kandake (queen). Some of the dates are simply educated guesses.
Egypt was controlled by Kushite rulers. The Kushite monarch Kashta landed in Egypt amid political turmoil to take the throne of Pharaoh, ostensibly in Thebes and ostensibly peacefully. He was the first of Egypt's 25th dynasty's Nubian line of monarchs (747–656 BC). However, historians believe that he was actually controlling only part of ancient Egypt while another king ruled over the rest.
Kushites were immigrants from Sudan who spoke a language similar to Egyptian but wrote their own version of it. They incorporated many aspects of Egyptian culture including religion, even though they were not willing to give up their own beliefs. The Kushites built lavish tombs for themselves throughout Egypt. One of these is located near Aswan on Elephantine Island and is called the Tomb of Keshaf. It contains an enormous stone statue of Keshaf with his hand on a snake. This image represents him protecting Egypt from evil spirits.
The Egyptians treated the Kushites with respect but also feared them because they knew that if the Kushites wanted, they could invade Egypt at any time and overthrow the pharaohs. So the Egyptians tried to keep peace between them by making promises to the kings that they will never attack each other. But once the Kushites were gone, the Egyptians did not hesitate to start wars with one another to try to gain power and influence over others.
Napata Kerma Kush Kingdom/Capitals The Kingdom of Kush is the most well-known civilisation to have sprung from Nubia. For more over 3,000 years, three Kushite kingdoms ruled Nubia, with capitals at Kerma, Napata, and Meroe. These cities were among the largest in Africa at the time they were built, with walls up to 7 miles long.
Kerma (also known as Karmah) was the first capital of the Kingdom of Kush. Its location is not exactly known, but it's believed to be near or within the city of Cairo. Evidence shows that it was a major trading centre where gold, ivory, and other goods were sold to Egyptian merchants. The kingdom of Kush came into existence around 350 BC, after an army of immigrants from northern Arabia defeated the Egyptians at the Battle of Nekhen. They established their own monarchy, which included parts of present-day Sudan and Egypt. Kerma lasted until about AD 250, when it too was conquered by the Egyptians.
Napata (also known as Nakht) was the second capital of the Kingdom of Kush. It was built about 700 years after Kerma, but its remains are much older than that. Archaeologists believe that Napata was originally a Nile River village that became a royal residence and commercial hub. Like Kerma, it was located near Cairo.
The Kingdom of Kush
|Kingdom of Kush Qes (Meroitic)|
|Religion||Ancient Egyptian Religion|
|Historical era||Bronze Age to Late Antiquity|
King Kashta ("the Kushite") ascended to the throne of Upper Egypt peacefully, while his daughter, Amenirdis, was chosen Divine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes. Piye invaded Lower Egypt in the ninth century BC and founded the Kushite-ruled Twenty-fifth Dynasty. He ruled from 790 to 756 BC and was the most powerful ruler in the history of ancient Egypt.
Kush is a region in eastern Africa that extends beyond the Nile River Valley into present-day Sudan and Ethiopia. It was known as Nubia until it was conquered by the Egyptians in the sixteenth century BC.
The name "Kush" comes from an ancient language spoken in northern Egypt and southern Libya. The word "kush" means black in this language. Alternative names for ancient Kush include Kesh, Qus, and Khoi.
Divine Adoratrice is the title given to those who worship Amon in Ancient Egypt. They were often princesses or noblewomen who served as priests' companions or lovers. The position was usually given to young women from good families who could be trusted by the government. It was usually held for life unless the person lost their job, in which case they would find another one.
Amenirdis was the only daughter of King Kashta ("the Kushite") and Queen Intefiqeru.
Kandake Amanirenas was the queen of the ancient African Realm of Kush, well remembered for expertly defending her kingdom against the Roman Empire's forces. Her reign began in AD 30 and ended with her death in AD 68.
Amanirenas was the only female ruler of Kush and one of the few female rulers in ancient Africa. She has been called "Africa's first female president" and "the first lady of Africa".
She managed the military affairs of her kingdom with skill and success and she is credited with introducing a form of writing into Kush that included numbers. In addition to being a warrior, Amanirenas was also known for her wisdom and her liberal policies which included free education for women. She also adopted children from other countries to add more strength to her army.
After her death, Kush fell into chaos until it was conquered by another African kingdom called Meroe in AD 71.
The Kingdom of Kush existed from around 800 BCE to approximately 350 CE, but its primary capital was initially located further north at Napata. King Aspelta relocated the capital to Meroe, much further south than Napata, likely around 591 BCE, shortly after Napata was sacked by Egyptian Pharaoh Psamtik II. Although Aspelta may have been responsible for building the city, he probably did not live there since it is believed that he died in Napata.
Why did the Kingdom of Kush collapse? The traditional explanation is that it was destroyed by the Ethiopians, but this is likely an exaggeration. It is more likely that disease and internal conflict caused its downfall. The Ka-Num people of southern Egypt may have played a role in the demise of the kingdom by invading it with assistance from their former enemies, the Libyans. However, this invasion may also have been motivated by economic reasons -- the Ka-Num people were suffering severe crop failures at the time which could be attributed to the decline of the kingdom. Another possible cause of the collapse might be connected to the desertification of parts of northern Africa. We know that the desert encroached upon Napata during the reign of Aspelta's successor, Intef II, so this could have had an impact on Meroe as well. Finally, it is possible that both disease and famine contributed to the kingdom's collapse.
What is known about the history of the Kingdom of Kush? Very little.
Kanishka Kaniska, sometimes written Kanishka, and Chinese Chia-ni-se-chia (flourished 1st century CE), was the greatest ruler of the Kushan dynasty, which reigned over the northern Indian subcontinent, Afghanistan, and maybe regions of Central Asia north of the Kashmir region. He was also one of the earliest Buddhist missionaries in China.
Kanishka's reign was marked by diplomatic visits to many countries, including Greece, Rome, Egypt, and Syria, as well as efforts to spread Buddhism throughout his realm. During his travels, he is said to have brought back relics of the Buddha from all these places. In addition to spreading the message of the dharma, Kanishka also built many monasteries and temples, some of which remain today. He also published a book of rules for monks and nuns, which was used as a guide by later rulers of Tibet when they wanted to establish monasteries there.
After Kanishka's death, his empire was divided among his three sons. However, only two of them survived past childhood: Narasimha, who became king when he was about nine years old, and Simanta, who probably died when he was just two years old. The third son, Pratardana, tried to regain control of the kingdom but was killed by his brother Narasimha when he was only twenty-one years old.