Vasco da Gama 1: Vasco da Gama is credited with "discovering a new way to the ancient world." Indian historians have always expressed the same point of view in their historical writings. They all attribute the discovery of the maritime passage to Vasco da Gama. However, there are discrepancies between the various accounts of these historians. For example, some of them claim that Amerigo Vespucci was the first to discover the route while others say that it was Portuguese sailors who made this important discovery.
The first account we get about this incident is from Arab historian Al-Bakri (973-1048). He writes in his book "Gharib al-Qanoon" (The Strange Facts of History) that in 1498 Vasco da Gama arrived at Calicut (in present-day Kerala state, India) with two ships and 150 men on board. The king of Calicut sent him back home because they thought he was a pirate. But da Gama returned to India again in 1501 and established a trading post called "St. Jorge" near Mumbai (then called Malabar). From there, he started sailing to Egypt, Africa, and Europe. This is the first evidence we have about the existence of such a thing as a maritime route to Asia via India.
In 1498, Vasco Da Gama found the maritime passage to India. Vasco da Gama arrived on the western sea coast of India at Kozhikode (Calicut), Kerala, on May 20th, 1498, two years after setting sail from Lisbon, Portugal. As a result, Vasco da Gama is credited with discovering the maritime route to India. However, it should be noted that he did not go beyond Calicut; instead, he returned home via Malacca in Malaysia.
The news of Vasco da Gama's arrival in India spread rapidly, and it soon led to more Europeans arriving in India. In addition to Portuguese sailors, French, English, and Dutch sailors also came to India through this new route. This period of time is known as the Age of Discovery. The exploration and settlement of unknown territories by European explorers had many consequences for global politics and economics.
India became one of the main targets for European colonization due to its large population and strong economy. In addition, the government in Delhi was willing to trade land for gold, which made it easy for colonizers to claim territory from India. However, due to international protests against colonialism, most countries in Europe refused to buy Indian products or hire Indian laborers. This campaign helped to preserve the environment by stopping the slaughter of animals for their skins and bones. It also helped our planet by preventing deforestation and reducing pollution levels of existing water sources.
The Vasco da Gama's The discovery of the maritime route to India by the Portuguese was the first recorded expedition directly from Europe to India through the Cape of Good Hope. It was done during King Manuel I's reign in 1495–1499. It was led by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama. His goal was to find a trade route across the Indian Ocean that would be faster and easier than sailing around Africa.
Da Gama arrived at the port of Calicut on August 15, 1498, and established friendly relations with the local ruler. He returned home two years later with the precious gift of ivory tusks. These treasures came from the famous elephant forests of Malabar (present-day Kerala state, south India).
Da Gama's achievement opened up new markets for Portugal's products, especially gold and diamonds. But he was not the first person to sail into India's waters. Arabs had been traveling across the ocean for several centuries before him. They used small boats called dhows that were easily maneuverable. But the Portuguese were the first Europeans to use large ships that could hold cargo. And they proved to be very useful for trading along the coast of Asia.
Almost every year since 1492, Portuguese sailors have sailed into the Indian Ocean looking for good trading conditions. Sometimes they stayed for months or even years in foreign ports. In 1750 alone, more than 100 ships left Lisbon for India.
In 1498, the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama established the eastern sea route to Asia by traveling around Africa to reach India. Pedro Cabral, another Portuguese navigator, attempted to follow Vasco da Gama's path but swung so far across Africa that he ended up in South America. He claimed the property on behalf of Portugal.
The first person to sail around Africa successfully was Arab navigator Ahmed Ben Abi Bakr Al-Bakri, who did so in 969 AD. However, his voyage took him further south than Pedro Cabral, so he is not considered the first European to visit North America.
For many years after this initial discovery, no one else dared to explore beyond the range of a man's vision because they were afraid of being lost at sea. It wasn't until 1632 that France's Pierre du Gua de Monts was able to document his successful journey to Canada with evidence provided by Native Americans. A year later, England's William Baffin made a similar trip.
In 1788, James Cook sailed around Australia and returned home through what are now known as Indonesia and Malaysia. In 1820, Matthew Flinders completed the first complete circumnavigation of Australia. In 1838, Charles Darwin published his theory of evolution by natural selection while he was aboard the HMS Beagle. In 1856, John McDouall Stuart became the first white man to cross the Australian Outback from east to west.
Vasco da Gama, also known as Vasco da Gama, 1er conde da Vidigueira (born around 1460 in Sines, Portugal—died December 24, 1524 in Cochin, India), was a Portuguese navigator whose voyages to India (1497-99, 1502-03, and 1524) opened up the sea route from Western Europe to the East via the Cape of Good Hope. During his first voyage, he reached the coast of Africa and obtained gold coins, which led him to explore further and discover the way to the Indian Ocean. The story of da Gama's discovery of the route to the West Indies is one of history's most famous adventures.
The son of a wealthy merchant marine captain, da Gama was born into a family of sailors who had traveled extensively throughout Europe. At an early age, he learned to sail ships and work at sea. At the age of 30, he joined the second expedition to India led by Fernão do Pacheco, traveling across the world board with him. This experience inspired da Gama to lead another expedition of his own. In 1498, he departed from Lisbon with three small vessels and two hundred men, planning to find a trade route to the east. He sailed across the Atlantic and down the west coast of Africa, then continued south along the eastern coast until he reached Calicut, on the southern tip of India. There he bought many spices and cotton cloth before continuing on to China, where he spent a year trading with Chinese merchants.