Following the legalization of pari-mutuel gambling in 1933, San Francisco dentist Dr. Charles H. Strub and movie magnate Hal Roach established a new Santa Anita Park at the foot of the San Gabriel Mountains and found success despite the Great Depression. The park opened with two tracks of turf grass and trees, including eucalyptus, oak, and pine.
In 1946, after years of financial difficulties that included a period when the park was closed, Santa Anita Park was sold to William Wadsworth for $1 million. Wadsworth had plans to renovate and expand the park, but he died before doing so. His son George Wadsworth then took over management of the park and made many changes including replacing the turf with asphalt pavement. This decision proved to be very unpopular with horse racing fans who felt that the sound of horses' hooves on dirt is what makes horse racing special. In addition, some horses have been injured or even killed while running on the new surface.
In 1975, George Wadsworth Jr. sold Santa Anita Park for $10 million to a group of investors from Los Angeles. The park has been managed by its current owner, the city of Arcadia, since then.
Santa Anita Park is known for being one of the most prestigious horse races in the world. It is also famous for being one of the most expensive races to win.
Frank M. Pixley, the creator and editor of The Argonaut, was named to the board of commissioners of San Francisco's Golden Gate Park by Governor George C. Perkins in 1882. Pixley was adamant that the Mooney's shanties be removed, and he gained backing for park security from the San Francisco Police Department. He also advocated for the creation of a zoo and museum in the park.
In addition to his work at The Argonaut, Pixley wrote several other books, including Life in California: With Special Reference to Its History and Politics (1884), which covered the state during its transition from U.S. Territory to State; and Scenes in California (1886). That same year, he was elected to the California Senate, where he served one term before being appointed by Mayor Alexander Starbird to serve on the board of commissioners for Golden Gate Park. In 1888, Pixley was elected to a second Senate seat, this time serving two terms.
He died in San Francisco on January 4, 1893, at the age of 44. The cause of death was tuberculosis.
Golden Gate Park was founded upon land donated by Charles Michael Crillon, an Irish immigrant who made his money in shipping. After retiring from the business world in 1872, he devoted himself to philanthropic works, particularly toward educational opportunities for women and children. In his will, he instructed that after his death the city of San Francisco should create a public park on his property near the ocean.
Croke Park/Dates opened on March 14, 2005. It replaced Lansdowne Road as the national stadium for association football (soccer). The all-seater stadium is located in Dublin, Ireland.
It is named after Patrick Croke, who was a member of the Parliament of Ireland from 1665 to 1666. The park itself dates back to at least 1829 when it was established as a venue for amateur matches and horse races. In 1864, the Irish National Football League (INL) was formed with its headquarters in London. It was here that they decided what team would represent Ireland in international competitions. The INL sent an agent to Dublin to choose a site for their new league club. When he visited Lansdowne Road he was so impressed that he bought the land for 100 pounds. The agent returned to London and the board of the INL voted to change the name of their club to the Irish International Football Club. This is how Croke Park came to be.
The new stadium was built by Sarpiyan Construction company and was financed by private investors. It took six years to complete and has been praised for its architecture and design.