Samuel de Champlain, Jacques Cartier, and Giovanni da Verrazano. France was exploring the Americas at the same time that Spain was developing its New World dominion. Giovanni da Verrazzano was commissioned in 1524 to find a northwest path around North America to India. He did not succeed in this quest, but he did make several important discoveries along the Atlantic coast from Florida to Canada that changed the way Europe viewed the world.
Champlain founded Quebec City in 1608 and is considered the father of French-Canadian culture. Cartier claimed ownership of all the land he explored in the name of King Francis I and encouraged others to follow his lead. In 1534, Verrazann discovered what would later be known as the State of Virginia. He also sailed up the Saint Lawrence River but was killed in an accident before reaching Quebec City.
These are just a few of the many French explorers who traveled to the New World. You may know some of their names but there are many more that you have probably never heard of. American history is full of amazing people who started out with nothing and worked hard to achieve their dreams. We will learn more about some of these people in future lessons.
Jacques Cartier, the navigator It entered the race to discover the New World and exploit the resources of the Western Hemisphere in the early sixteenth century. Jacques Cartier, a French sailor, claimed northern North America for France in 1534, designating the territory surrounding the St. Lawrence River New France. The claim was not confirmed by any European country at the time, but it inspired other nations to follow with their own expeditions, leading to the discovery of Alaska, Canada, and parts of America's Midwest.
France had been exploring the world quietly for several decades before Cartier's voyage, but it was his success that made him famous and spurred others to attempt similar journeys. He returned home to France with two ships full of fur pelts that he had bought from indigenous people, helping to make France one of the first countries to trade with the Americas.
Cartier is considered the father of Canadian geography because he was the first person to sail up what is now known as the St. Lawrence River. Before this journey, no one knew how far inland the river went or what might be found at its source. By showing the extent of the Atlantic Coast to be more than just a shoreline of sandy beaches, he opened up land routes into Canada for future explorers.
Christopher Columbus and Juan Ponce de Leon led the Spanish discovery of the New World, invading and colonizing large sections of what would become South, Central, and North America. The French Empire, commanded by Jacques Cartier and Giovanni da Verrazano, was primarily concerned with North America. However, a few explorers also sailed into South America, including Ferdinand Magellan and his crew.
These countries played an important role in the opening of up-and-coming markets for European manufacturers. At the time, Europe was far behind Asia in technological advancement; therefore, these discoveries provided much needed help in creating more efficient methods of production and transportation.
The French and Spanish colonies were often fought over by both nations, but they also shared resources such as scientists who came to know about new places and people having wealth beyond imagining. These newcomers brought new ideas that improved life for all Europeans, not just the wealthy elite. For example, the introduction of wheat farming to Europe resulted in a significant decrease in price for this commodity, which had a huge impact on the standard of living for many individuals and families.
France and Spain ruled their vast empires for almost 200 years after Christopher Columbus first set foot in America. But in 1763 Britain's King George III signed a treaty with the Netherlands granting it control of the territory today known as Canada.
Exploration in France It entered the race to discover the New World and exploit the resources of the Western Hemisphere in the early sixteenth century. In 1608, Henry Hudson, a English explorer, reached what is now known as the Hudson River. No one knows who was the first to reach Canada, but there are strong claims for either Jacques Cartier or Henry Hudson.
As in Europe, exploration in the New World led to conflict between countries for possession of the land. France and England fought two wars over control of North America. In 1763, after many years of fighting, France gave up its attempt to take control of Canada and settled for trading posts on the Great Lakes. England made similar arrangements with the Indian tribes it controlled at the time. These became known as treaties because both nations agreed not to attack each other's settlers or indigenous people. But neither country surrendered its claim to all of North America; instead, they divided it up among themselves by drawing lines on a map. France got part of Canada and some islands off the Atlantic Coast, while England acquired part of the continent along with most of the tradeable goods it could carry away.
In 1867, after losing the American Civil War, President Johnson signed a treaty with several Indian tribes that allowed United States citizens to live in peace with them.