Seminole Indians are derived from Lower Creeks who broke away from their political connections in the late 18th century and migrated from the Chattahoochee River to northern Florida, which had been mostly depopulated by European colonization. The new community was called "Seminole", which means "the free people" in Spanish.
With the arrival of American settlers, conflict with the government over land rights and other issues resulted in many battles between the two groups. In 1823, the federal government signed a treaty with the Seminoles that led to their relocation to lands in present-day Oklahoma. There they were granted 1 million acres (40000 km2) of land and allowed to keep 500 head of cattle. However, economic difficulties caused many Seminoles to leave Oklahoma for Florida, where they have since made a living through hunting and fishing.
In 2007, the Bureau of Indian Affairs estimated that there were about 7500 Seminoles living within the borders of Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Oklahoma.
The Seminoles are one of the few Native American tribes to survive relocation. They now make their home in three main areas: Florida, Oklahoma, and Canada.
In conclusion, the Seminoles were forced to move to Oklahoma because of wars with the United States government. They have survived there by hunting and fishing.
The Seminole tribe was a group of Native Americans that resided in northern Florida. When American immigrants pushed into their area, they evacuated to southern Florida. They now reside in Florida and Oklahoma. The tribe is also known as the "Sunrise Indians" because most of them moved to Florida after the Civil War.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, there are about 44,000 Seminoles living within the borders of Florida. Most live on tribal lands in rural areas. Only a few live in Indian camps or other temporary housing.
In 2007, the Seminoles opened a casino called the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino in Hollywood. This is the only one in Florida. It has 1,200 slot machines and four restaurants (including one by celebrity chef Michael Mina).
The tribe owns property in three Florida counties: Broward, Miami-Dade, and Pinellas. These are the locations of its two casinos and its corporate headquarters.
In addition to being a tribe, the Seminoles are also an intertribal organization that works with several other tribes on tribal issues. Some of these organizations include: the Association of Gaming Management Companies, the National Congress of American Indians, and the Tribal Security Officers Association.
The Seminoles were members of the Creek, a loose confederacy of ethnic groupings and tribes in southern Georgia, northern Florida, and Alabama. They were led by a council of chiefs who met to decide policy and act as a court for criminal cases. The most famous Seminole is Billy Bowlegs, who became known as the "Red Fox of the Everglades" for his skill with a gun and his love of money. He has been described as the first real American celebrity because of his fame among tourists in the early 20th century.
The Creek lived on the east bank of the Withlacoochee River in what is now downtown Tampa. They were ruled by a king who kept a close watch on his people but who also encouraged trade and marriage into the tribe. His main headquarters was at what is now known as Indian Camp Ground in modern-day St. Petersburg. His name is not known but he probably had several names used interchangeably. For example, one report says that he was called Micanopy which means "little black person" in Spanish.
There are two types of Seminoles: those who live in Florida and those who live in Oklahoma. The Florida Seminoles are sometimes called "Lucayes" after Lucaya Beach, where some of them once lived.
The Seminole are a Florida-based Native American tribe. Today, they are divided into three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as autonomous organizations. The three main branches of the Seminole Nation were once one nation until 1858 when the tribe lost most of their land during the Indian Removal Act.
The Seminoles originally came from Russia where they were known as "Semay". They migrated to what is now known as Florida in 17th century. There are several theories on how and why the Seminoles left Russia but it usually has something to do with politics or war. It has been suggested that they may have been forced out but this is not certain. What is clear is that they had no choice but to leave because they were being persecuted due to their religion and customs.
When the Spanish arrived in Florida, they found a large population of indigenous people living there peacefully. The Seminoles helped the Spaniards by hunting pirates and also worked on some of their farms. But eventually, the Seminoles felt like they weren't being treated fairly so they decided to split off and go their own way.
Because Seminole means "runaway" or "wild," they might have been daring young Indians. More likely, these were tribes of Indians who sought safety from the assault of European colonies in Spanish Florida. Either way, they came to Florida and stayed.
The first known sighting of a Seminole tribe is recorded by a Spanish explorer in 1559. By then, several different groups of Indians were living in what are now Seminole County and Brevard County, Florida. They were probably Algonquin speakers descended from early French explorers and settlers in North America.
In 1715, the British established a settlement at St. Augustine named after King George II. It was the first permanent English-speaking government in Florida. The British hoped that this would make Florida worth fighting over, but instead it just encouraged more settlers to move in. By 1763, there were enough colonists in Florida to form their own county around St. Augustine called Pasco County. This county included all of present-day Florida west of the Appalachians.
Indians weren't allowed to trade at the British trading posts in Florida, so most of them got food through raiding. In return, the British gave them blankets, guns, and alcohol. This made some Indians very rich and others very angry.