Why did President Polk send troops to the border with Mexico?

Why did President Polk send troops to the border with Mexico?

President Polk directed that Santa Ana be allowed to return to Mexico. Because American ships blocked the Vera Cruz port, the Mexican ruler was able to dock there. When Santa Ana returned, he broke his vows to Polk. He refused to put a stop to the conflict or sell California. In anger, Polk ordered the invasion of Mexico.

The war ended in 1848, with neither side winning decisively. The United States took control of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona while Mexico retained California. Both countries avoided total destruction due to the efforts of their leaders. They negotiated a peace treaty at Guadalupe Hidalgo, near today's border between Mexico and America.

Polk wanted to keep the continent intact and prevent it from becoming involved in foreign conflicts. However, the war proved to be a costly endeavor for both nations. America spent $7 million (about $100 million in 2017 dollars) and lost 68 soldiers. Mexico spent all its income on defense and had no money left over for other programs. It also lost territories that would later become states including California, Nevada, and Utah to America.

In conclusion, President Polk wanted to show Mexico that he was serious about keeping America intact by sending a military force to its border. Although this action was not responsible for starting the war, it helped bring an end to it.

How did President Polk try to take California?

President Polk dispatched John Slidell to Mexico City in November 1845 in an effort to purchase California and New Mexico. Polk stated that the United States-Mexico boundary stretched all the way to the Rio Grande. As a "defensive" measure, he directed American forces to cross into the disputed territory. When Mexico refused to sell, the conflict became known as the Mexican-American War.

Why did Polk want California?

Polk wanted California because it provided a route to the Pacific Ocean and helped protect America from foreign invasion. He also believed it would be good for business - the gold in California would help pay for things like roads and schools back in America.

What terms did Polk offer?

He offered $15 million dollars for California and New Mexico. This was more money than anyone had ever paid for land before.

Did it work?

Yes. The Senate approved the treaty on April 18, 1848. It went to the House where it was voted down - by one vote! The vote was against the war policy of the president at the time, James K. Polk. After this rejection, no more treaties were made until 1903 when Roosevelt signed a treaty with Spain giving America Puerto Rico.

What happened to Slidell and California?

Slidell never returned to America.

What offer did Polk make to Mexico?

In response, Polk dispatched an ambassador to offer Mexico up to $20,000,000, including payment of American damage claims, in return for California and New Mexico territory. Polk's emissary was not greeted because no Mexican leader could relinquish half of his nation and yet retain power. The offer was rejected.

Why did nobody accept Polk's offer?

The United States had just begun to recover from the economic devastation caused by the war with Britain, and Congress wasn't about to give up any more land. Also, many Americans felt that America needed its own state so they wouldn't have to depend on others for their interests. Finally, many Mexicans opposed giving up part of their country because they believed it was theirs by right since the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had been signed by Mexico and America after the war.

Polk's offer was also rejected because it didn't meet the requirements set forth by Mexico's Constitution which allowed for the acquisition of foreign territories only through direct negotiations with the government of those countries. The Mexican leaders feared that if they accepted this offer then other nations might make similar offers leading to the fragmentation of their country.

Finally, the people of Mexico refused to allow themselves to be divided up into smaller states because they wanted a strong, unified country. They believed that only by remaining together could they hope to achieve prosperity and defend their rights.

About Article Author

Sandra Whitney

Sandra Whitney is a teacher by trade, but she's also an avid reader and loves learning about new things. When she isn't in the classroom, you can find her reading, learning about new subjects or doing hands-on activities with her students. Sandra Whitney loves her job because she gets to help students learn and grow every day.

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