The Meaning of the Name The name of the province was chosen in 1799 to honor Prince Edward, Duke of Kent. He was King George III's fourth son and Queen Victoria's father. When the island was named, Prince Edward was the commander-in-chief of British North America and was stationed in Halifax. However, he soon moved his residence to London, leaving the colony under the control of his governor, who was given the power to make laws.
The Role of Women In 1836, women were granted equal rights with men in the province. But some laws still discriminated against them. For example, they could not vote or hold public office.
Prince Edward Island has a population of about 85,000 people. It is one of the smallest provinces in Canada.
Established by Britain and first settled by French colonists, the capital city of Charlottetown was originally called Louisburg after the king of France. In 1754, the name was changed to commemorate King George II's brother Prince Edward, who had just been made Duke of Kent. The new prince was very interested in agriculture and founded a garden at Kensington Palace designed to grow all kinds of fruit and vegetables for royal consumption. Thus, "Edwardian" fruits and vegetables were considered important additions to the kingdom.
Charlottetown was the only Atlantic Canadian town to survive the American invasion of 1775.
On November 29, 1798, St. John's Island was renamed Prince Edward Island in honor of the Commander-in-Chief of North America, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn. The name change was proposed by Lieutenant Governor William Fitzwilliam Ogle and was accepted by the Executive Council of Prince Edward Island.
The name "Prince Edward Island" was first suggested by Sir Charles Henry Darling, a former governor of New South Wales. He had been given the title of Earl of Rosslyn after arriving in Australia with his family in 1816. When he returned to England, he was created Baron Darling of Rosslyn, thus making the name suitable for a province. The earl was very impressed with Prince Edward, who at that time was second in line to the British throne behind his older brother, King George III. The prince had shown interest in colonization efforts in Australia and helped obtain funding for them. In addition, he was responsible for changing the name of Saint Johanns Island (as it was then known) to Prince Edward Island in honor of his father.
The name "Prince Edward Island" was soon adopted by many institutions in Canada and the United States. It is even used as an official designation for certain islands in these countries.
Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I., French: Ile-du-Prince-Edouard) is a Canadian province made up of the same-named island and many considerably smaller islands. Its capital city is Charlottetown. With an estimated population of 491,074 in 2016, it is the least populous province.
The island of PEI is the largest part of the province; it is also the most populated with 42 percent of the total population. The other 58 percent live on the other islands. The island has a land area of 582 km2 (225 sq mi) and a population of about 130,000 people.
It is separated from the mainland by Matapois' Bay to the west and by Summerside Harbour to the east. The Strait of Maryland is a body of water that lies between PEI and the United States. It is only 21 miles long but can be as wide as 14 miles at its widest point. This makes it one of the smallest channels between two continents.
PEI was originally inhabited by several First Nations groups including the Montagnais, Malecites, and Pequots. They were later joined by French colonists who established several settlements along the coast including Saint Louis des Canadiens in 1632.