The plain, which is rich in alluvial deposits, is prone to huge and regular floods. Nonetheless, its alluvial sedimentation is perfect for the growth of jute, rice, wheat, sugarcane, and other crops, making it a population hub. Majuli is also the largest river island in the Brahmaputra. Its widespread use as a reservoir has led to its being protected as a national park.
Majuli is famous for its gigantic sunflowers, which can reach a height of over 10 feet (3 m). The region was once covered with these flowers but now only a small part of them remains because of deforestation for firewood and agriculture. However, a few colonies of these plants have been established to preserve their species.
People from all over the world come to see the sunflowers because they believe that they bring good luck. They also like visiting the island because it's a unique experience - apart from the sunflowers, you will also find tribal people living there who used to worship the sun in pre-colonial times by burning incense and candles at certain spots on the island.
Local food products include fish, crabs, shrimp, frogs, snakes, birds, and their eggs. Vegetables grown in the island's fertile soil include cauliflower, brinjal, eggplant, and potatoes. Rice is the main crop, but due to its high water requirement, only a fraction of the land is cultivated with it.
Because of the presence of alluvial soil deposited by three rivers: the Ganga, the Indus, and the Brahmaputra, the northern plains are rich in agriculture. Agriculture thrives on the alluvial soil. As this land is raised and lowered with each flood tide, the soil is enriched with nutrients that come from deeper within the earth.
The northern plains form a huge flat area between the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau. They cover most of India and parts of Pakistan. The capital city of India is Delhi, which lies in the northern plains. It is also known as Hindustan.
In addition to Delhi, other major cities in the northern plains include Chandigarh, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Lahore, Ludhiana, Saharanpur, and Sriganganagar.
The northern plains have a humid subtropical climate, but there is much variation between regions within this broad category. For example, in Punjab (the largest state in the region), the weather is hot and dry. In Himachal Pradesh, it is cold and rainy.
The northern plains lie within the temperate zone, which means that they experience both warm and cold seasons. However, due to their location near mountains, they are not as stable thermally as places farther south.
1 Alluvium has a high moisture retention capacity, making the soil fruitful. The plain is rich due to the silt deposited by the Ganga and its tributaries. 3 When it floods, it produces a coating of fine soil rich in minerals, salts, nutrient-rich silt, and sediment and spreads it over a large region.
Flooding occurs when the level of water in the Ganges rises due to rainfall or snowmelt from the Himalayas or other mountainous regions. This causes problems for people who live on the banks of the Ganges or other rivers that flow into it. Floods can be dangerous because they can carry debris such as trees, buildings, and even whole villages with them. They can also destroy farmland and cause loss of life due to drowning or heat exhaustion. Scientists have found evidence of early human activity in the flood deposits of the Ganges dating back more than 5000 years.
The flooding of the Ganges Valley has been a constant problem since ancient times. In fact, many efforts have been made to solve this issue. River diversion projects have been planned and implemented throughout history to prevent or reduce the severity of floods. However, none of these plans have ever succeeded in completely avoiding damage or death from flooding.
People living in the Ganges delta learn to adapt to these natural disasters and find ways to survive them.
The Ganga, Indus, and Brahmaputra rivers, as well as their tributaries, offer a steady supply of water in these areas. Agriculture is a profitable activity in the northern plains due to the fertile alluvial soil, a favorable temperature, and an abundance of water. As a result, the northern plains are known as the "granaries of the country."
The term "granary of India" was first used by British writers in the 18th century. They used it to describe the agricultural production of the Indian subcontinent.
Today, the term is often used interchangeably with "breadbasket of India". The northern plains produce nearly half of the total wheat production in India. Also, more than one-third of the total rice production in India comes from this region.
There are three main types of agriculture in the northern plains: rice cultivation, wheat farming, and sugarcane growing. The Indo-Gangetic Basin is also one of the most advanced agricultural regions in the world. It has a high level of productivity because of its unique geological structure which provides it with sufficient irrigation capacity.
The northern plains have a humid subtropical climate. The average annual temperature is around 15°C. However, there are large variations in temperature between seasons and locations. For example, the temperature in Punjab can go as low as -15°C in winter and as high as 45°C in summer.
(2) Great rivers that flowed over India's rich northern plain. The Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra rivers were and still are large rivers that flow through India's northern fertile plains. For thousands of years, these three rivers have served as the foundation for maintaining vast populations, and they continue to do so now.
The Indus river originates in Tibet and flows through Pakistan and India before emptying into the Arabian Sea. The Ganges/Gangetic River runs through India and Bangladesh before merging with the Bhagirathi River in its final stop before the Bay of Bengal. The Brahmaputra is a major river in Asia that flows eastward from the Himalaya mountains through India and Nepal before emptying into the Indian Ocean. In addition, there are several smaller rivers in India that flow into the Ganges/Gangetic River or Brahmaputra.
In order to maintain control over such large territories, the rulers of ancient India used their political power to ensure stability on the river banks by building bridges, providing security, and other methods. This allowed traders and travelers to move about the country without fear.
Additionally, these great rivers provided water for irrigation, power generation, and flood control. They also serve as natural barriers against invaders. Last but not least, they provide spiritual significance for millions of Indians who visit temples along their shores each year.