Why is Sir Henry Parkes important to the federation?

Why is Sir Henry Parkes important to the federation?

Parkes is regarded as the "Father of Federation." Henry Parkes, regarded today as the "Father of Federation," initiated the process that resulted in the union of Australia's six colonies in 1901--a watershed moment that signaled the creation of a new nation. The achievement of Parkes has never been recognized with a state funeral, and his body was buried in an unmarked grave. In 2004, his great-great-granddaughter, Dr. Kate Parkes, established The Henry Parkes Foundation to educate people about our heroic father of federation.

Henry Parkes was born on April 23, 1815 in Curraghpatrick, Ireland. His parents were farmers who lived near Belfast. When he was eight years old, the family moved to Texas, where his father had been appointed governor. Young Parkes learned to be a lawyer like his father and helped his family run their farm. He also fought in several battles against American Indians during the Texas Revolution.

After the war, Parkes returned to Ireland to get married. But his wife died soon after they arrived in Australia. This tragic event motivated him to work hard so that one day he could bring women to Australia for marriage. In 1854, he succeeded in doing just that when he founded Miss Vick's Boarding School for Girls in Sydney. The school offered excellent education for girls from privileged families.

Why was Sir Henry Parkes considered the father of federation?

Due to his work lobbying for the union of Australia's six distinct colonies, he is generally referred to as the "father of federation" (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia). The Parkes Museum houses a diverse collection of Parkes-related artefacts. It is located in Parkes, New South Wales, Australia.

Sir Henry Parkes was born on 23 August 1815 in London, England. He was educated at University College School and then entered St John's College, Cambridge. After graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1838, he went on to receive a Master of Arts degree three years later. In 1840, he took up a post as professor of mathematics at Sydney Grammar School. A year later, he married Louisa Macarthur who was one of the nine children of Elizabeth "Bessie" Macarthur and John Macarthur. She was a wealthy widow who had made her money trading with China.

In 1842, Parkes left Sydney to live with his wife in their new home "Warnambool". Two years later, they had a son named John Macarthur Parkes who became an eminent geologist. In 1849, Parkes returned to Sydney to take up a post as principal secretary to the colonial governor.

What is the father of federation?

The "Father of Federation" was a politician. The Times of London called Sir Henry Parkes "the most dominant personality in Australian politics" throughout his lifetime. He was a political survivor, as indicated by his five terms as premier of colonial New South Wales between 1872 and 1891. During that time, he led the movement toward federation.

Federation was first proposed by Edward de la Roo, governor of NSW, who wanted greater autonomy for the colony. When this proposal failed, Parkes took over the leadership of the movement. He developed a plan for an elected federal parliament with limited powers. This plan was accepted by the colonial legislatures in NSW and Victoria, but not Queensland which preferred its own system of government. The two other colonies joined forces with New South Wales to form the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901.

Sir Henry Parkes was born in Cornwall, England, on 2 April 1815. His parents were farmers who had emigrated to America, then moved back again so that his father could take up a land grant. Young Henry went to school in Cornwall and later attended Yale University where he graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1837. That same year, he married Mary Ann Lockhart. They had three children; a son died in infancy and two daughters survived them. In 1841, Parkes left Connecticut with his wife and children and traveled to Australia. There he started work on a property near Melbourne and soon became involved in local politics.

About Article Author

Ellen Lamus

Ellen Lamus is a scientist and a teacher. She has been awarded the position of Assistant Professor at a prestigious university for her research on an obscure natural phenomenon. More importantly, she teaches undergraduate courses in chemistry with hopes to eager young minds every day.

Related posts