Why is a spongy bone called spongy?

Why is a spongy bone called spongy?

Cancellous bone is referred to as "spongy bone" due to its porous nature and resemblance to a sponge. The name comes from the French word esponge, which means sponge. Within the human body, bones are mainly composed of calcium salts and organic material such as collagen and cartilage. Calcium ions in the blood bind to these proteins in the bone matrix, causing it to harden and become stiffer. As the bone becomes more rigid, less of it is needed to maintain its strength. So, less calcium is deposited in this area, resulting in a spongy appearance and weaker structure.

Also, because cancellous bone has many large pores, it is possible for bacteria to grow inside the bone if it is not cleaned out regularly. This can lead to infection if the bone is broken or cracked. In addition, the thin walls between some of the holes could allow some bacteria to get into the bone if it is injured or exposed to the air. This would also cause an infection.

The bone marrow is found inside the cavities of the bone where red blood cells are produced. Marrow contains hematopoietic tissue that produces new blood cells daily. Blood cells are destroyed after they have served their purpose; the body then replaces them with new cells.

Why is spongy bone called cancellous?

Cancellous bone is also known as spongy bone because it has many open spaces joined by flat planes of bone known as trabeculae, much like a sponge or honeycomb. There are three types of bone cells inside the trabeculae: osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts. Osteoblasts are the cells responsible for the formation of new bone. They develop from stem cells found in blood vessels near active muscle groups, and they travel to areas with poor bone quality where they expand and build collagen fibers into strong plates or rods. Osteocytes are the most numerous cell type in bone and make up 95% of all bone cells. They are connected to each other and to the surface of bone cells through tiny channels (denticles). When an injury causes bones to bend or break, osteoblasts move into action, developing bone tissue within the wound site to help heal it. New bone is replaced by old bone that is removed by special cells called osteoclasts. These cells come from a family of immune system cells called macrophages. They work together to destroy damaged bone so new bone can replace it.

Cancellous bone is particularly useful because it is porous and thus allows water to pass through it while preventing objects such as teeth or nails from getting through. This property of bone is used when making dental implants and artificial joints. The more porous the material used in these products, the better it will fit with the patient's body and allow bone to grow into it.

What’s another word for spongy bone?

Cancellous bone, also known as trabecular bone or spongy bone, is a light, porous bone with many big gaps that give it a honeycombed or spongy look. Within cancellous bone are large numbers of tiny canals called blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood cells to the bone's active growth zones. As these growth zones begin to develop into bones, they expand the canals within the bone and move them away from the growing edge.

Cancellous bone is used in making artificial teeth because of its similar composition to human bone tissue. It is also commonly found in long bones (such as those in your legs) and vertebrae (the body's main support structures).

The word "cancellous" comes from two Latin words: cancer meaning crab or crustacean and luscus meaning clean or pure. Thus, cancellous bone is raw or pristine bone left over after the more solid cortical bone has been removed.

Cancellous bone is useful because it is weak but very dense so less weight bears down on any one area which means that lots of small holes keep the pressure off major arteries and veins that supply blood to other parts of the body.

What do you call spongy, porous bone tissue?

Cancellous bone, also known as trabecular bone or spongy bone, is a light, porous bone with many big holes that give it a honeycombed or spongy look.... Cancellous bone is the most common type of bone in adults. It makes up most of the skeleton. Cancellous bone is soft and susceptible to damage from trauma or disease; therefore, it must be replaced periodically by a healthy individual. The body's largest reservoir of blood cells, the marrow, resides inside cancellous bone. Marrow is the source of various immune cells that are responsible for fighting infection and developing cancerous tumors.

Cortical bone is thicker and less dense than cancellous bone. It is found in large bones such as those in the legs and arms. Cortical bone provides stability and support for organs and tissues against compression or tension. It can be damaged by chronic stress on certain areas of the body, resulting in a fracture. Fractures of cortical bone need to be treated by a medical professional to ensure proper healing.

Spine is the term used to describe the columnar structure of bones within the human body that provide support for the head and trunk. The spine is made up of several segments that extend from the cervical region (neck) to the sacrum (base of the spine).

About Article Author

Mildred Bushby

Mildred Bushby is a teacher who loves to teach. She has been an educator for over 20 years and has been teaching for over 10 years. She loves to create an environment where her students feel safe and can express themselves freely. She also enjoys working with parents to help them find their own ways as educators.

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