Because the coin is an adaption of a plaque by Victor David Brenner, Abraham Lincoln is facing in a different direction. The penny, on the other hand, is a different hue and made of copper. Both of these variations are the outcome of Brenner's plaque.
President Theodore Roosevelt picked portraitist and sculptor Victor David Brenner to create the cent in 1907, most likely because he appreciated Brenner's prior works of art. Lincoln is facing right in the shot, thus he is facing right on the plaque and the penny.
Brenner had suggested that if you reversed the image on a nickel, then made a copy for each coin in a dollar bill, they could make a complete picture when put together. The idea was not accepted at the time but is now familiar as an illustration called a "mock-up".
Brenner also proposed replacing the words "Liberty" and "In God We Trust" with images of women dressed in clothes from different periods of history. Neither idea was adopted.
It took three years and $20 million ($250 million in 2017 dollars) to produce the original pennies. They were designed by Chief Engraver George T. Morgan and his team, with assistance from several other artists. The reverse design was chosen by President Roosevelt; others submitted included portraits of Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Albert Einstein.
The choice of these men as symbols of America's past and future gave rise to some interesting theories about the meaning of the penny's design.
Lincoln's Penny To honor Abraham Lincoln's 100th birthday, the Lincoln Penny was first produced in 1909. Lincoln is facing to the right since that is the direction he was facing in the image used by Victor David Brenner to create his cent bas-relief. However, later pennies have him facing left like this one.
Lincoln's death on April 15, 1865 caused an international sensation and resulted in huge crowds attending his funeral. Many people felt that a great leader should be laid to rest facing east in order to start another day alive. Thus, with many other factors contributing to its creation, the Lincoln penny was originally designed to face east.
However, due to production costs, it wasn't until much later that the reverse design was chosen.
Today, pennies are still produced with both designs, but they are manufactured at different locations around the world using different techniques. The Lincoln penny has been made in the United States since 1938 while the reverse design has been used since 1962.
Since its introduction, there have been several changes made to the Lincoln penny design including removing parts of the model and adding more detail. For example, when Lincoln's hair was removed for reproduction purposes, it was decided to leave off his hat as well. Also, because of difficulties casting the low-quality metal used before 1965, some coins from that year have rings around their edges instead of being solid copper.
Lincoln's Penny To honor Abraham Lincoln's 100th birthday, the Lincoln Penny was first produced in 1909. Lincoln is facing to the right since that is the direction he was facing in the image used by Victor David Brenner to create his cent bas-relief.
The metals used to manufacture coins are specially selected to last a long time. Coins have a function and must meet certain specifications based on the conditions they will face. As a result, the metal utilized must have exceptional wear resistance and anti-corrosion qualities. As a result, coins are often constructed from basic metal alloys.
The depiction of Lincoln on the penny has always faced left, but Jefferson's portrait on the nickel has faced left since 2003. Previously, it had been right-facing.
Lincoln's face has been turned to the left because that is the way he would have wanted his image to appear. The fact that he is facing left makes him look as if he is coming towards you - away from the violence of war and toward a more peaceful time.
Jefferson's face has been turned to the left because that is the way he would have wanted his image to appear.
Lincoln was born in 1809 and died in 1865. Jefferson was born four years earlier and lived longer, dying at 83 years old in 1826.
It is believed that Lincoln would have liked what has become of his image because he loved stories with a moral message, such as Edward Everett's speech about America at the time of its founding. This speech is what first brought Lincoln to public attention and helped him win election as president.